Ukraine C/A switches to USD 18 mln surplus in November

2 января 2018 года
Конкорд Капитал

Ukraine's current account switches to USD 18 mln surplus in November from a USD 315 mln deficit in the prior month, the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) reported on Dec. 30. A year ago, the C/A deficit was USD 154 mln. Improved primary incomes (USD 119 mln vs. USD -44 mln a year ago) and secondary incomes (USD 349 mln vs. USD 309 mln a year ago) were the main sources for the surplus. Primary incomes reflect growing compensation of employees from abroad (USD 513 mln in November vs. USD 355 mln a year ago).

In the meantime, the deficit on goods and services widened to USD 450 mln from USD 419 mln a year ago, driven by an expanding trade deficit of goods (USD 734 mln from USD 632 mln a year ago). In November, goods exports improved 17.3% yoy (17.4% yoy growth in October) with rising machinery (83.4% yoy) and metals (50.8% yoy). Goods imports slowed to 17.1% yoy growth from 22.1% yoy in the prior month, slowed down by machinery (20.6% yoy growth vs. 33.1% yoy in October) and chemicals (22.7% yoy growth vs. 29.4% yoy). On the other hand, food (31.3% yoy) and energy imports (25.9% yoy) kept growing strongly. Non-energy imports slowed to 14.3% yoy growth from 20.1% yoy in October.

For 11M17, the C/A deficit was reported at USD 2.96 bln, which is slightly less than USD 3.03 bln a year ago.

In November, the financial and capital accounts surplus was USD 473 mln, almost unchanged from USD 470 mln in the prior month (USD 74 mln a year ago). The main source of the surplus was FDI rising to USD 169 mln from USD 65 mln in October (USD 99 mln a year ago). An increase in trade credits (USD 177 mln from USD 77 mln in the prior month) also contributed to the positive financial balance.

Outflow of individual cash from the banking system reached USD 93 mln in November after USD 44 mln in October. Commercial banks reduced their foreign currency exposure to USD 274 mln from USD 930 mln in October.

The general balance (C/A plus capital and financial accounts) was USD 491 mln in the black, improving from USD 155 mln in the prior month (USD 80 mln deficit a year ago). USD 364 mln from the surplus was allocated to servicing IMF debt in November, while the rest was used to underpin gross international reserves, which increased by 0.9%, or USD 170 mln, to USD 18.9 bln (3.7 months of future imports).

Alexander Paraschiy: The external account statistics for November were a positive surprise. Remarkably, the NBU revised its statistics for 10M17, substantially improving the C/A estimate for the period to a USD 2.9 bln deficit from a USD 3.3 bln deficit reported previously. The main source for improvement was a better estimate for primary incomes (USD -0.7 bln vs. USD -1.1 bln for 10M17) and for secondary incomes (USD 3.1 bln vs. USD 2.8 bln for 10M17).

At the same time, the trade deficit on goods and services worsened to USD 5.3 bln for 10M17 from USD 5.0 bln estimated previously. In fact, this statistics revision - coupled with a minor C/A surplus for November - promises a USD 3.3 bln C/A deficit (3.1% of GDP) for 2017, which is much better than USD 4.1 bln we projected.

For 2018, we still expect trade deficit growth on the back of recovering domestic consumption, which will be pushing imports up. However, in light of the NBU's recently improved view on primary incomes performance, we are improving our C/A deficit forecast to USD 4.1 bln (3.6% of GDP) in 2018 from USD 4.9 bln (4.3% of GDP) estimated previously.

Источник: Конкорд Капитал


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